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The number of children in England who died fell to 3,067 between April 2020–March 2021. This is 356 fewer deaths than were recorded in the preceding 12 months (April 2019–March 2020), and likely represents the lowest level of child mortality on record, according to a new study by researchers at the Universities of Bristol and Cardiff and published today [7 December] in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

The study, which uses data from the University of Bristol-led National Child Mortality Database (NCMD)—a first-of-its-kind initiative to collect comprehensive and timely data on every child death in England—sought to quantify the relative risk of childhood deaths across England during the first year of the COVID pandemic, compared to a similar period of 2019.

Findings from the analysis showed that deaths from non-COVID infections and other underlying medical conditions fell, and there is some evidence that deaths from substance abuse also reduced. In addition, the reduction in mortality appeared to occur during the winter months, where the seasonal increase, amiodarone rapid iv push often caused by infections other than COVID-19, was not apparent. This period coincided with the prolonged lockdown in England from January to April 2021; suggesting that public health measures may be able to modify a significant number of childhood deaths every year. The reduction in child deaths was most prominent in children under ten years old.

These findings stand in stark contrast to overall mortality for England’s population, which was 14% higher than the previous year—and suggest that widespread changes in the delivery of healthcare during the pandemic may have prevented child deaths.

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