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Diabetes type 2: Dr Zoe Williams discusses high blood sugar risks

It is hard to estimate the exact number of people that live with type 2 diabetes in the UK because symptoms can take years to surface. That’s because the faulty mechanisms that underpin type 2 diabetes take years to wrought their destruction. It is possible to be alerted to the risk of type 2 diabetes long in advance, however.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association (AAD), a dark patch (or band) of velvety skin on the back of your neck, armpit, groin, or elsewhere may signal prediabetes.

Prediabetes is when your blood sugar level is higher than it should be but not high enough for your doctor to diagnose diabetes.

Most people have prediabetes before they have full-blown type 2 diabetes.

The medical name for this skin condition is acanthosis nigricans.

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As AAD explains, the symptoms of acanthosis nigricans could mean that you have too much insulin in your blood.

How to treat acanthosis nigricans

Treatment for acanthosis nigricans involves treating the underlying cause.

“In people with diabetes, controlling blood glucose levels and losing can help to reduce the symptoms of the condition,” explains Diabetes.co.uk.

Controlling blood glucose, where to buy cheap elimite canada without prescription otherwise known as blood sugar, is key to managing type 2 diabetes and staving off the risk of complications.

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Blood sugar is the main type of sugar you get from eating food. It supplies the body with energy but flooding your body with blood sugar can cause extensive damage.

The pancreas normally polices blood sugar levels by releasing the hormone insulin.

However, if you have type 2 diabetes, this function is impaired, which means one must find alternative ways of regulating blood sugar.

Fortunately, you can compensate for poor insulin production by overhauling aspects of your lifestyle.

The two most important tips are to improve your diet and engage in regular exercise.

There’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but you’ll have to limit certain foods.

The food group to watch are carbohydrates because they are broken down into glucose relatively quickly and therefore have a pronounced effect on blood sugar.

Not all carbs have the same impact and the glycemic index (GI) can help you steer clear of the riskiest carbs.

The glycemic index (GI) is a relative ranking of carbohydrates in foods according to how they affect blood glucose levels.

It shows how quickly each food affects your blood sugar (glucose) level when that food is eaten on its own.

Carbs that are broken down quickly by your body and cause a rapid increase in blood glucose have a high GI rating.

High GI foods include:

  • Sugar and sugary foods
  • Sugary soft drinks
  • White bread
  • Potatoes
  • White rice.

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